## Topic: Species Area

### Topic Description:

Functions for calculating species-area curves based on square or rectangular quadrats, using standard R Analytical Tables.

## File: speciesarea/spparea.r

Draws rectangular quadrats in a plot at random. Returns a dataframe of coordinates defining the corners of all the quadrats. The variable size is a vector of dimensions; shape allows a rectangle to be drawn; rep is the number of replicated random quadrats per dimension submitted.

Quadrats are chosen simply: a point is chosen by randomly drawing one x and one y coordinates to serve as the lower-left corner. The x is chosen from a uniform distribution between 0 and plotdim[1]-size; y is chosen similarly.

All 3 algorithms for creating random quadrats under sample the plot corners. See selectrandomquad2() and selectrandomquad3(), alternative intended to overcome the bias (but neither does).

### Function Arguments:

ArgumentDefault Value
size
shape
rep
plotdimc(1000,500)
graphitFALSE

### Arguments Description:

• censdata: one R Analytical Table, either full or stem
• size: a vector of quadrat sizes, referring to the x-dimension of a rectangular quadrat
• shape: the ratio of y to x dimensions of the rectangles; rectdim=1 (the default) for squares
• plotdim: the x and y dimensions of the entire plot
• rep: the number of random quadrats to create, of each size
• graphit: whether to graph the locations of the chosen quadrats on a plot map

### Function Source:

{
allsize.x=rep(size,each=rep)
allsize.y=rep(size*shape,each=rep)
total=length(allsize.x)

xlo=runif(total,min=0,max=plotdim[1]-allsize.x)
ylo=runif(total,min=0,max=plotdim[2]-allsize.y)
xhi=xlo+allsize.x
yhi=ylo+allsize.y

result=data.frame(xlo,ylo,xhi,yhi)